Even educational week
 

spbgti_logo.png

St. Petersburg State Technological Institute (technical university)
One of the most prestigious universities in Russia in the field of chemistry, chemical engineering, biotechnology, nanotechnology, engineering, information technology, management and economics. Russia's leading university is a modern training center of higher education.Founded in 1828.
Thursday, 11 April 2013 13:34

History of St.Petersburg Institute of Technology

Written by 
Rate this item
(0 votes)

The Saint-Petersburg State Institute of Technology was called first the Saint-Petersburg Practical Institute of Technology and was founded in 1828 during the first years of the reign of Emperor Nicholas I, and later in 1896, the Institute was named after him.

The Institute was a boarding school that only had 132 government issue educatees and it was allowed to accept the boarders on a paying basis. Students to become specialists  for “manufactures management or its different parts” were studying for free. The education was on: 

 

1.     theology
2.     higher mathematics
3.     perspective geometry
4.     theory of mechanics
5.     physics
6.     chemistry
7.     anatomy and phytophysiology
8.     mineralogy and geognosy
9.     architecture and civil engineering
10.   practical mechanics
11.   mechanical technology
12.   chemical technology
13.   metallurgy
13.   political economics and statistics
14.   accounting
15.   foreign languages
16.   painting
17.   drawing
18.   designing

Moreover, the program included practical lessons too, particularly training on steam engines and locomotives.

There were two kinds of higher technical education available then: the mechanical education and the chemical one. There was a reorganization of higher school in 1930 when the Institute combined many chemical faculties and departments of other higher educational institutions and became Leningrad Red Banner Institute of Chemical Technology.

There were unique departments created in the Institute of Technology: first department in the country of Plastics Technology (1929), Glass Processing (1930), Artificial Rubber (1931). 
There were unique developments of art glass, spaceship observation windows coatings. The first Soviet aluminum technology was created (1929) and the first lab and commercial rubber blocks were produced here. This is the place where different anticancer and immune system medicines were made, such as: Dibazol, Vitamedin, Polyrem, Novoembikhin, Dopan.


Eminent scientists that have worked in the Institute’s are the subject for its pride. They are the creators of the oldest Russian school of chemical engineering: the author of periodic law and periodic table of elements Mendeleev D.M., the world-famous Handbook on Organic Chemistry author Beilstein F.F., the Russian cement industry founder Shuliachenko A.R., the author of automatic control theory Vyshnegradsky I.A., the author of hydrodynamic theory of lubrication Petrov N.P., the author of processes and apparatuses in the chemical engineering doctrine Krupsky A.K., the organic chemistry national school founder Favorsky A.E., the artificial rubber industrial engineering and production creators Lebedev S.V. and Byzov B.V., the Russian electrochemistry and electrometallurgy school founder Fedotiev P.P., the electronic television originator Rosing B.L., the acetylene chemistry school founder Petrov A.A, the Russian electrothermics school founder Maximenko M.S.

Many famous scientists have graduated from Institute: the aeromobile and aerosleigh creators Maxarev Y. and Kuznetsov B., one of the American Television founders Zvorykin V.K., a herald of the new metallurgy and metallography school Tchernov D.K., the first laureate of the Russian Ludwig Nobel prize Stepanov A.I., the Soviet dye-making and dye-using industries founder Porai-Koshitz A.E., the physics national school creator Yoffe A.F., the high-frequency industrial electronics creator Vologdin V.P.

During World War II the scientists and the staff continued their heroic work in the Institute’s workshops creating needful products for war and city (more than 100 items): antipersonnel mines, powder for phone’s diaphragm, smolder matches, anesthetic ether, powdered iron, etc. Graduate of the Institute, double hero of socialist labor Muzrukov B.G became a tank plant’s head in Chelyabinsk. The well-known processes and apparatuses expert Romankov developed a soymilk production technology what saved many children lives during the blockade. The Institute’s teacher Silnitsky A.K. developed industrial methods of the local fuel combustion what made bread-making plants to work in the besieged Leningrad.

Considerable contribution to strengthen our country’s defence might was made by scientists and graduates of the Technological Institute. The heroes of socialist labor Shpak V.S. and Sivolodsky E.A. had been developing and creating rocket propellents and engines. The laureates of National prize Golubkov S.V. and Gidaspov B.V. designed the technology of new class energy-stored nonorganic and organic compounds.
There was an extensive preparation of specialists during the post-war period for the most promising directions of development. Kurchatov’s pupil, professor Petrzhak K.A. organized a department of the nuclear physics (now it’s a department of radiotechnology).

The Institute of Technology had been creating and keeps the best traditions of Leningrad/St.Petersburg higher educational institutions. Technolog is a large-circulation newspaper that has been published since 1926.   The Institute’s museum has been working for over 50 years, and the number of exhibits and items there exceeds 15 000. Academic choir was created in 1951and later was named after its founder Krylov A.I..
 
Despite of all difficulties in 90-s the Institute of Technology kept and developed its facilities, student dormitories, and traditional scientific schools.

Six-storey building of the Fundamental Library was built to keep more than 1 000 000 items which are now electronically organized.

A dormitory for married students and postgraduates and new educational buildings were built. Classrooms and laboratories were reconstructed and equipped according to new requirements, and the process of alignment to a new level of education and scientific work continues. All buildings are equipped with fast Internet connection.

New faculties, departments, and specialties come to life for those who are eager for study.

Three Education&Science centers were created for public usage and have up-to-date equipment: Nanomaterials Chemical Assembly, Energy-Stored Materials High Technologies, and High-Temperature Materials, Technique, Technology. There were created three Education&Laboratory centers for plastics production and processing in cooperation with German companies Demag, Werner Koch, Cloeckner-Pentaplast, with modern equipment for €1 000 000 of total value. 

International relations of the Institute develop allowing more of academic exchange to happen and providing new ground for business, partner relationship and conferences. Many scientists from Germany, Italy, France, Sweden, USA, China, Korea were given by a rank of honorable professor or doctor of SPSIT. Having a considerable scientific level and technological tools basis the Institute of Technology strives to participate in many international programs and projects and strengthens its presence on the international market of education.

The Institute of Technology registered as the object of historical and cultural heritage of Federal (all-Russia) significance. It was rewarded by orders of Labor Red Banner (1928) and October Revolution (1978).

The Institute’s alumnus sign of 1870 was reestablished in 1998 and added to the National Heraldic Register under clause 237.
 
There are 9 faculties in SPSIT and 60 departments which are training specialists for science and industry in Russia and throughout the world.

Read 9251 times Last modified on Thursday, 11 April 2013 14:26

Latest from Александрова Елена Александровна

 .

Партнеры / Partners