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History of St.Petersburg State Institute of Technology

 St. Petersburg State Institute of Technology was originally called St. Petersburg Practical Technological Institute 

and was founded in 1828 during the first years of Emperor Nicholas the First reign,

and then, in 1896, the institute was named after him.

 

 

The Institute was a boarding school that had only 132 government issue educatees and it was allowed to accept the boarders on a paying basis. Students to become specialists for “manufacturing management or its different parts” studied for free.

 

     The education was on:

  1. theology
  2. higher mathematics
  3. perspective geometry
  4. theory of mechanics
  5. physics
  6. chemistry
  7. anatomy and phytophysiology
  8. mineralogy and geognosy
  9. architecture and civil engineering
  10. practical mechanics
  11. mechanical technology
  12. chemical technology
  13. metallurgy
  14. political economics and statistics
  15. accounting
  16. foreign languages
  17. painting
  18. drawing
  19. designing.
 

Moreover, the program included practical lessons too, particularly training on steam engines and locomotives.

 

 

 There were two kinds of higher technical education available then: the mechanical education and the chemical one. There was a reorganization of higher school in 1930 when the Institute combined many chemical faculties and departments of other higher educational institutions and became Leningrad Red Banner Institute of Chemical  Technology.


There were unique developments of art glass, coatings for spaceship observation windows. The first Soviet aluminum technology was created in 1929 and the first lab and commercial rubber blocks were produced here. Moreover, different anticancer and immune system medicines were made here, such as: Dibazol, Vitamedin, Polyrem, Novoembikhin, Dopan.
 
 
 
 

 Eminent scientists, that worked in SPSIT, are the source of its pride. They are the creators of the oldest Russian school of chemical engineering: the author of periodic law and periodic table of elements Mendeleev D.M., the world-famous Handbook on Organic Chemistry author Beilstein F.F., the Russian cement industry founder Shuliachenko A.R., the author of automatic control theory Vyshnegradsky I.A., the author of hydrodynamic theory of lubrication Petrov N.P., the author of processes and apparatuses in the chemical engineering doctrine Krupsky A.K., the organic chemistry national school founder Favorsky A.E., the artificial rubber industrial engineering and production creators Lebedev S.V. and Byzov B.V., the Russian electrochemistry and electrometallurgy school founder Fedotiev P.P., the electronic television originator Rosing B.L., the acetylene chemistry school founder Petrov A.A, the Russian electrothermics school founder Maximenko M.S.

 

Such famous scientists graduated from Institute as: the aeromobile and aerosleigh creators Maxarev Y. and Kuznetsov B., one of the American Television founders Zvorykin V.K., a herald of the new metallurgy and metallography school Tchernov D.K., the first laureate of the Russian Ludwig Nobel prize Stepanov A.I., the Soviet dye-making and dye-using industries founder Porai-Koshitz A.E., the physics national school creator Yoffe A.F., the high-frequency industrial electronics creator Vologdin V.P.
 

 During World War II  scientists and staff continued their heroic work in the Institute’s workshops creating necessary products for war and city (more than 100 items): antipersonnel mines, powder for phone’s diaphragm, smolder matches, anesthetic ether, powdered iron, etc. A Graduate of the Institute, a Twice Hero of socialist labor, Muzrukov B.G became a head of the tank plant in Chelyabinsk. A well-known processes and apparatuses expert Romankov developed a soymilk production technology that saved lives of many children during the blockade. Silnitsky A.K. developed industrial methods of the local fuel combustion which made bread-making plants to work in the besieged Lenigrad.

 

 

Significant contribution to strengthen our country’s defense was made by Technological Institute`s scientists and graduates. Shpak V.S. and Sivolodsky E.A., the Heroes of Socialist labor, developed and created rocket propellents and engines. National prize laureates Golubkov S.V. and Gidaspov B.V. designed a technology of new class energy-stored nonorganic and organic compounds.

 

 

There was an extensive preparation of specialists during the post-war period for the most promising directions of development. Kurchatov’s disciple, professor Petrzhak K.A. organized a nuclear physics department (now it’s a radiotechnology department).

 

The Institute of Technology preserves the best traditions of Leningrad/Saint-Petersburg higher educational institutions. Technolog is a large-circulation newspaper that has been published since 1926.   The Institute’s museum has been working for over 50 years, and the number of exhibits and items there exceeds 15 000. Academic choir was created in 1951 and later was named after its founder Krylov A.I..

 

In 90-s the Institute of Technology was developing its facilities, student dormitories and traditional scientific schools despite all the difficulties.

 

A six-storey building of the Main Library was built to keep more than 1 000 000 items which are electronically organized nowadays.

 

A dormitory for married students and postgraduates and new educational buildings were built. Classrooms and laboratories were reconstructed and equipped according to new requirements. The process of alignment to a new level of education and scientific work continues. All buildings are equipped with the fast Internet connection.

 

 New faculties, departments, and specialties come to life for those who are eager for study.

 

Three Education and Science centers were created for public usage, and they have up-to-date equipment. Moreover, three Education and Laboratory centers for plastics production and processing were created in cooperation with German companies Demag, Werner Koch, Cloeckner-Pentaplast, with modern equipment for €1 000000 of total value.

 

International relations department develops academic exchange providing new grounds for business, partner relationship and conferences. Many scientists from Germany, Italy, France, Sweden, USA, China, Korea were given a title of honorary professors or doctors of SPSIT. SPSIT strives to participate in many international programs and projects and strengthens its presence on the international market of education.

 

SPSIT is registered as an object of historical and cultural heritage of federal significance.



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Written by  | K2_CREATED_ON Thursday, 11 April 2013 13:34 | Last modified on Tuesday, 19 November 2019 15:01